Islam is a complete way of life, thus it has solution for every issue. At times of celebration like Eid al-Fitr, one question that comes to mind with regards to photographs is that: “Is it Permissible to Take Pictures and Share them on Social Media?“
The scholars have differed on the issue of taking pictures. There are two different but complementary opinions.
1. The first opinion is that it is NOT permissible, because of the hadith of Ibn ‘Abbaas (رضي الله عنهما) who reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Every image-maker will be in the HellFire, and for every image that he made, a soul will be created for him, which will be punished in the Fire.” Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “If you must do that (make images), make pictures of trees and other inanimate objects.”
(Reported by Muslim, 3/1871)
As well as Hadith of Ali (رضي الله عنه) who said: “Shall I not send you on the same mission as the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) did sent me? Do not leave any built-up tomb without levelling it, and do not leave any picture in any house without erasing it.” (Sahih Muslim and an-Nisaa’i).
They took these ahaadeeth to indicate that pictures of animate beings are haraam, whether they are humans or other creatures, be it three-dimensional or two-dimensional, whether they are printed, drawn, etched, engraved, carved, cast in moulds, etc.
And they made no exception except where necessary such as passport photographs for documents, international passport, criminals on the loose, etc).
2. The second opinion is that it is permissible provided it does not contain haraam things, like uncovered women, etc; and not for the purpose of honoring the creation (in the picture).
They considered the photograph to be one’s actual self and not an imitation of Allaah’s creation, as seen in artistry.
And they emphasized that it is safer to not print these pictures except where necessary (in passports, documents, etc) nor hang them on walls, because of the hadith of Abu Talhah, who reported that: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog, nor a picture of a likeness.”
Abu Talhah said, “The Prophet means by likeness an image of living souls.” (Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3053, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2106)
However, do note that there is an overwhelming consensus on its disapproval over its permissibility.
Irrespective of the opinion on photographs, there is no objection as to the fact that committing tabarruj (women making a wanton display of themselves) is forbidden.
Abu Huraira reported: _The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said, “There are two groups among the people of Hellfire whom I did not see: a people who have whips like the tails of oxen with which they beat people, and women who will be naked although they are clothed, who incline to evil and seduce with it. Their heads will be like the humps of a camel, leaning to one side. They will not enter Paradise and they will not smell its fragrance, even though it can be detected from a great distance.” (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2128)
And men must have protective jealousy over their female folk; (wives, daughters, sisters, mothers, etc).
It was narrated from Salim bin ‘Abdullah that his father said: “The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said:” There are three at whom Allaah will not look on the Day of Resurrection: The one who disobeys his parents, the woman who imitates men in her outward appearance, and the cuckold.” (Sunan an-Nasa’i 2562; classed Saheeh by Al Albaani)
The cuckold (Dayyooth) is one who has no pride nor protective jealousy for his female folk and does not bother about their dressing in the presence of men, and their conversations with non-mahram (strange) men.
And I ask: what would make a man of sound intellect post pictures of his wife on social media? What could you possibly hope to achieve with this?
If one contemplates on the issue, it becomes immediately clear that no good could possibly come from such an act.
May Allaah (ﷻ) make it easy for us to adhere to all that is good, and shun indecency; have mercy on us and guide us through the straight path.
آمينيا رب العالمين